The Lost Daguerreotype Photographs of James and Dolley Madison

Lost Daguerreotype of James Madison and Dolley Madison

Home >> Lost Photographs of History >> The Lost Daguerreotype Photographs of James and Dolley Madison

The Lost Daguerreotype Photographs of James and Dolley Madison

There exists in history events and situations that we know occurred but there is no visual record left behind to substantiate the fact.  Take the deeply loving and historical relationship of our fourth President James Madison and his equally famous wife, a true first lady, Dolley Madison. Much has been written about the historic couple and their love for each other, but sadly, there are no known paintings commemorating the two together. That, plus the fact James passed before the advent of photography (the daguerreotype), there is no hope of there being a real photograph of the great American couple.

That is until now! Now, through the magic of Adobe Photoshop, we can visualize the two together as they should be. Fortunately, Dolley did live into the age of photography, so we have accurate images of her in her later years. Thus, starting with a high-resolution scan of a daguerreotype featuring Dolley and Anna Payne taken in 1848, Anna was removed. The image was restored to its original sharpness cleaning up of evidence of its years of wear and tear. Then, expanding on my recently done forensic/academic study of the James Madison life mask created by John Henri Isaac Browere (1790—1834) in 1825, combined with meticulous research into the fashion of the day, and photographs of modern action figure dolls for a body, James was added to the illusion.  The combination of these elements creates a pleasing portrait of the two.

 

Lost Daguerreotype of James Madison and Dolley Madison
Daguerreotype created using the life mask of 4th U.S. President James Madison. The life mask is the cast of Madison’s head and upper torso by John Henri Browere in 1825.

The major drawback in creating an image of this type are the anachronisms that can be created.  For example, in our portrait, the sources for the reconstructed images were created years apart.  James was 75 years old when his life mask was made in 1825, and Dolley was 80 years old when the 1848 photograph was taken.  The result is that Dolley appears five years senior to James in our portrait when, in reality, James was seventeen years senior to Dolley. See the anachronism – well, I guess James and Dolley were definitely doing the time warp!

About the Madisons

“James Madison was a sickly and slightly built man who stood just 5 feet 4 inches tall and rarely tipped the scales at much more than 100 pounds. His voice was so weak that people often had difficulty hearing his speeches, and he was plagued by recurring bouts of “bilious fever” and what he described as “a constitutional liability to sudden attacks, somewhat resembling epilepsy.” While contemporaries praised Madison’s fierce intelligence, many also made note of his small size and timid demeanor. The wife of a Virginia politician once labeled him ‘the most unsociable creature in existence.'”2

 

James Madison & Dolley Madison Daguerreotype
Daguerreotype created using the life mask of 4th U.S. President James Madison. The life mask is the cast of Madison’s head and upper torso by John Henri Browere in 1825.

 

However, James was known to have a wicked sense of humor and could tell a dirty joke or two among  friends and acquaintances.
3“A British diplomat found him a ‘jovial and good-humored companion.’ Another source called James ‘an incessant humorist’ who “set his table guests daily into roars of laughter over his stories and whimsical ways of telling them.”

4“In contrast to Madison’s quiet and retiring personality, his wife Dolley was a social butterfly known for her exuberance, warmth and wit. When Madison began his first term as president in 1809, she embraced the role of first lady and helped define its duties by redecorating the White House and hosting the first ever Inaugural Ball. By serving as the “directress” of an orphanage for young girls, she also started the tradition of first ladies taking on a public outreach project. Dolley proved particularly effective in her job as the White House hostess. Her weekly receptions became a hot ticket among foreign dignitaries, intellectuals and politicians, leading writer Washington Irving to remark on the ‘blazing splendor of Mrs. Madison’s drawing room.'”

About Life Masks:

Before photography, life masks were the best way to give us an exact likeness of their subject. Plaster would be applied to the head and sometimes upper torso to create a mold from which a life mask (cast bust) of the person would be created. In addition to being three-dimensional, the faithful transfer process of the life mask creation eliminated the “artistic license” and “sympathetic treatment” employed by many contemporary portrait artists.  Thus, using life masks, I am able to complete a forensic/academic study of how the subjects most likely appeared using Adobe Photoshop to add flesh, hair, and other details.

 

James Madison Life Mask
(Left) James Madison, 1825, John Henri Isaac Browere (1790-1834), Plaster, H: 28.5 x W: 21 x D: 11.5 in. Fenimore Art Museum, Cooperstown, New York, Gift of Stephen C. Clark, N0244.1940. Photograph by Richard Walker. (Right) Life Mask Photoshop Reconstruction of James Madison

 

Browere’s made life masks of many famous early Americans, Marquis De Lafayette, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Dolley Madison and James Madison to name a few.

This post is just a continuation of my work with life masks and exploring what I can do with them.

Here are the unaltered originals used for the composition.

Photographs of Dolley Madison
(Left) Dolley Dandridge Payne Todd Madison, 20 May 1768 – 12 Jul 1849 Anna Payne, 1819 – 9 Nov 1852 (Right) Dolley Dandridge Payne Todd Madison, 20 May 1768 – 12 Jul 1849

Archival James and Dolley Madison Prints Available

Buy Prints Here


Process Video:

Sources & References:
Department of Photographs. “The Daguerreian Era and Early American Photography on Paper, 1839–60.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/adag/hd_adag.htm (October 2004)
3David O. Stewart. “The Surprising Raucous Home Life of the Madisons” https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/surprising-raucous-home-life-madisons-180954205/
2,4 Evan Andrews. “10 Things You May Not Know About James Madison”. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/adag/hd_adag.htm (March 2016)

James Madison Period Dress Sources:  Carri Angel Photography, The Dark Angel,

Original Life Mask Image Source: James Madison, 1825, John Henri Isaac Browere (1790-1834), Plaster, H: 28.5 x W: 21 x D: 11.5 in. Fenimore Art Museum, Cooperstown, New York, Gift of Stephen C. Clark, N0244.1940. Photograph by Richard Walker. (Used By Permission)

Copyright symbol in a light bulbCopyright & Disclaimer

2 thoughts on “The Lost Daguerreotype Photographs of James and Dolley Madison

  1. It was pretty obvious Jemmy Madison was fake. The head was way too big. BUT PLEASE NOTE. DAGS OF DOLLY ARE all signed EASTMAN JOHNSON ACROSS THE TOP. He was working just as early as Brady and I believe he was way more prolific. He painted her frequently when he had an office/studio in the capitol building in 1847. I see thousands of his works with signatures, that remain unrecognized because his faint shadowy, intended to blend in signature is so hard to see. Once you learn it you see it everywhere. frequently looks like finger painting along a top or bottom edge. Also ID’s people with shadowy letters on their face, hair , knuckles.

    1. Thank you, James, for the constructive criticism. I do believe you are correct. I went back tonight and analyzed Jemmy and reduced his head. The proportions now look better. I also had a 2nd set of eyes view the comparisons, and we both agree on the smaller head.
      Very few people take the time to critique other’s work, but I appreciate it when they do.
      Also, thank you for the information about Eastman Johnson. I did not know this. It appears that many sources credit Brady for the photos of Dolley.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *